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Healthcare workers often meet conflicting situations requiring mediation and negotiation skills to sail through.

**please don’t just agree to post but add more to their post that can be discussed ***
Classmate 1: Martyna: Hi class,
When reflecting on the COVID-19 pandemic and the response within my community I think I saw all conflict management styles being utilized especially when it came to mask wearing and vaccination. My personal style especially in the professional environment is collaborating. The collaborating style is a combination of being assertive and cooperative, where both sides can get what they want and negative feelings are minimized (Walden University, 2022). I believe it is best to work with others to identify a solution to fully satisfy everyone’s concerns. One example I can identify during the COVID-19 pandemic was the solution to vaccination status. Many organizations required COVID vaccines but had employees who did not agree with the requirement. One solution to this issue was requiring COVID testing prior to you workday if the individual chose not to be vaccinated. I would describe this as an example of collaborating possibly bordering on compromising. In the hospital there were incidents of patients not wanting to be taken care of by unvaccinated nurses, a collaborative approach was to adhere to the patients’ wishes by changing the assignment. Collaborating in the professional environment is important because disagreements can arise often, however learning from each other’s insights may lead to a creative solution to an interpersonal problem. Out of the five conflict management styles I would argue that the avoiding style may be the worst since the issue never gets addressed but ignored instead. By avoiding uncomfortable situations no positive growth can occur from it.
Reference
Walden University. (2022). What’s your conflict management style? Waldenu.edu. https://www.waldenu.edu/news-and-events/walden-
news/2017/0530-whats-your-conflict-management-style
Classmate 2: Laban:
Module 6 Discussion.
Hello Dr. D. and Classmates.
Negotiating and Mediation Using Conflict Management Styles.
The Covid-19 pandemic affected nearly all sectors of the global economy. The situation changed life worldwide due to isolation, travel restrictions, contact restrictions, health strains, and economic breakdowns. Global health is the most affected sector; until today, the health sector is still struggling to recover from Covid-19 impacts. Community-based health services have been at the forefront of providing care and effectively responding to the aftermath of Covid-19 despite facing many challenges. Healthcare workers often meet conflicting situations requiring mediation and negotiation skills to sail through. This discussion outlines how I would apply negotiation and mediation approaches in different conflict management strategies, such as collaborating, competing, avoiding, accommodating, and comprising, to respond to the Covid-19 situation.
Collaboration involves working with others to find a solution that satisfies all parties. As a public health professional in a community setup, I would partner with employees and other leaders to achieve unified goals (Kraybill, 2005). This includes providing solutions and enabling parties to develop suggestions that meet their unified interests. As a mediator and negotiator, I focus on ensuring the Covid-19 response mechanism produces high-end results for all parties. In the competing style, I would negotiate and mediate to ensure that there is only one winner. As a community health leader, I would intervene and negotiate competitively to achieve the best solution to the Covid-19 situation. I might not consult other community members but find the most effective solution from the identified alternatives.
Avoidance involves being unassertive and uncooperative in finding a solution. Here, an individual decides to postpone or let the situation resolve itself (Kraybill, 2005). When faced with such a scenario, I will walk out, especially if the issue is inconsequential. Sometimes, mediation and negation do not work, particularly in an emotionally charged atmosphere. Thus, the best way to avoid the situation is to concentrate on other essential things. Even the best negotiators can walk out of a problem. For instance, if the community members or employees have no interest in specific Covid-19 measures, I would not force them by letting them be or waiting for the right time to solve the situation. According to Wand and Wu (2020), they assert that the internal conflict of a program affects the entire performance of the program team and the success of the program. Accommodating is the opposite of competing. Here, a party may sacrifice to satisfy the other person’s needs. It is being generous; however, it may mean taking advantage of the other party. When mediating and negotiating under this conflict management style, I would find the most cooperative parties and convince them about the issue at their own expense. In this situation, the usual mediation and negotiation approach may not consider all parties’ interests. Even if the outcome may not be the desired one, it is effective when there are more optimal solutions as the environment for future mutual relevant wins is preserved.
Under the compromise style, parties find a mutually acceptable solution. This solution partially satisfies both parties and enhances cooperation between those involved (Kraybill, 2005). Under this style, I will agree to cooperate with employees’ suggestions at my own expense aiming at immediate short-term positive outcomes which seeking long-term remedies for the problem. Also, I will mediate and negotiate with both parties to ensure no losses in the outcome. Although this may not bring the desired effect, it results in an optimal solution that satisfies many parties.
The overall goal of a mediator and negotiator is to ensure a mutual solution with an optimal outcome. This involves considering the interests of different parties. However, some situations, such as avoidance and competition, may not be achieved through negotiation and mediation. According to Madalina (2016), conflict management and resolution skills can result in improved teamwork, productivity and patient, community, and employee’s satisfaction
References
Kraybill, R. (2005). Understanding five conflict styles. Meisha Rouser Leadership & Professional Development.
https://meisharouser.com/resolving-conflict-understanding-five-conflict-stylesLinks to an external site.
Madalina, O. (2016). Conflict Management, A New Challenge. Journal of Prodecia Economics and Finance. Vol. 39(1), pp. 807-814.
Wang, N., & Wu, G. (2020). ASystematic Approach to Effective Conflict Management for Program. SAGE Journal. Vol. 10(1), pp. 25-85.
http://doi.org/10.1177/2158244019899055

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Public Relations

Break even analysis:

Readings: Module 7 Lesson: Business Leadership Practices of the Public Health Leader
Orton, S. N., Menkens, A. J., & Santos, P. (2011). Public health business planning: A practical guide. Jones & Bartlett Learning.
Chapter 12: Financial Planning
Chapter 13: The Feasibility Plan
Chapter 14: Sustaining Success in South Carolina: One Team’s Experience
Chapter 15: Creating Your Public Health Business Plan
Module 7: You will participate in ONE discussion this week. There are two different topics presented below, in bolded text. Please choose ONE of these topics for your discussion this week, address the bullet items under the topic name.
1. Public Health Business Plans :
Of the seven steps of the business plan, which step(s) will be most vital for the public health leader to address? Please elaborate in your response.
2. Break Even Analysis:
Work through the problem below, then answer the following questions.
How many patients would the clinic have to provide services for to break even and at what point would this occur?
Break Even Analysis Problem:
A new teenage pregnancy clinic will have a fixed cost of $300,000—start-up costs, hiring advanced practice nurses and employees, salaries, purchase of equipment, and other miscellaneous items.
Also, the teenage pregnancy clinic has variable costs of $200 per patient visit—medical equipment, educational materials, and other miscellaneous items.
There will be three levels of patient treatment:
Simple = initial assessment and four prenatal visits
Moderate = continuous treatment and monthly visits
Complex = high-risk treatment
Each patient will be charged the following per visit, based on the following categories:
Simple 15% = $400
Moderate 60% = $1,000
Complex 25% = $2,000
The projected patient visits per year are anticipated to be 4,800 visits.
Reading: Module 8 Lesson: Making a Contribution at the Professional Level
Rath, T., & Conchie, B. (2013). Strengths based leadership: Great leaders, teams, and why people follow. Gallup, Inc.
Conclusion: Leadership That Lasts Beyond a Lifetime
Rowitz, L. (2014). Public health leadership: Putting principles into practice. (3rd ed.). Jones & Bartlett Learning.
Part VI: The Future
Module 8: Discussion Professional Coalitions and Organizations
Discuss the importance of professional organizations as they relate to the public good and well-being.

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How childhood trauma affects health across a lifetime- nadine burke.

SOURCE PROVIDED (BELOW):
– Ted Talk. (2014, September 19). How Childhood Trauma Affects Health Across a Lifetime- Nadine Burke. [Video file]. Retrieved from:

After watching the Youtube Video, address each of the following questions. Organize your response in a numerical order as follows:
The partnership of the team of doctors at the CDC and Kaiser resulted in Adverse Childhood Experiences Study. What were the public health findings of this study?
Identify and explain Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs)? Dr. Burke referred to a dose-response relationship with the ACE score and many diseases from depression to heart disease. Explain what she meant by this.
Dr. Burke shared that ACEs are treatable and beatable. Her approach is multidisciplinary. Explain and provide an example of a multidisciplinary approach to any disease caused by ACEs.
Embed a picture or picture quote incorporating any topic of this discussion you are inspired to share. Provide a brief explanation as to why you selected this picture and the relevance from your perspective.

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I am for this speech.

I need an outline completed along with 2 visual aids. I need four sources APA Style. Only one can be from the internet. I also need a speech written that is 7 minutes long. I will also need counter arguments. I am for this speech.

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Public Relations

The language difference is an obstacle preventing public health leaders from communicating effectively in group settings.

**please don’t just agree to post but add more to their post that can be discussed ***
Classmate 1: Laban:
Hello Dr. D. and Classmates.
Communication Challenges in Public Health Leadership.
Public health is a field that involves continuous interactions between healthcare professionals, individuals, and communities. Often, such information is shared at every interaction level, making communication a critical tool for the success of public health activities. Even large international organizations, such as CDC and WHO share information with different global populations regularly using the available communication methods. Through communication, national and global health organizations alert communities about potential outbreaks of certain diseases that can cause widespread health problems and deaths. Even during spillage of chemical hazards, the public need to receive communication regarding their health and safety. The ability of public health leaders to communicate with the large public enables them to reduce damages and prevent widespread diseases. Thus, constant communication enables public health leaders to disseminate accurate and verifiable information required by different populations to take appropriate actions that enhance their safety and well-being. Despite the significance of effective communication in public health, leaders still face several communication challenges in group settings, such as language, culture, and health literacy.
Groups are made of persons with diverse languages creating a barrier to communication. Language is a critical tool used by public health leaders to pass important messages to communities and other affected populations (Orton et al, 2011). Besides, the increasing diversity in the United States and other countries worldwide brings public healthcare leaders into contact with professionals and communities with different languages, values and beliefs. In cases where healthcare professionals speak different languages, the message quickly becomes distorted. Even when patients can speak English and public health leaders are fully proficient, understanding becomes challenging. The language difference is an obstacle preventing public health leaders from communicating effectively in group settings.
Apart from language differences, cultural barriers prevent public health leaders from communicating with groups of persons. According to Rowitz (2014), every individual has a unique cultural perception of health diseases and healthcare services. This perception may differ from public health leaders, limiting effective communication. Nevertheless, every culture has unique beliefs and norms about diseases and healthcare services as well as communication structures and trends, affecting every decision made by public health leaders. Depending on their culture, individuals’ perceptions, and attitudes towards health services, including the information provided by public health leaders (Rowitz, 2014). Thus, they can reject critical messages about their health and well-being because of cultural differences. While many public leaders strive to different languages, it is worth noting that understanding a culture is not synonymous with language proficiency (Orton et al., 2011). Besides, speaking a language does not mean understanding the norms and beliefs about illnesses and health services. However, some patients want to listen to information that upholds their cultural practices and beliefs, something that public health leaders with less understanding of the culture in context cannot offer. Another potential cultural barrier that public health leaders experience when addressing groups is the lack of understanding of verbal and nonverbal cultural nuances. These barriers distort information and prevent effective communication. Rigid hierarchical barrier with unnecessary bureaucracy affect communication environment. Restricted interactions result to much relevant information being concealed by this barricades integrated with fear of victimization.
Another unique challenge is poor literacy skills about health and well-being. There is a massive problem with how groups receive, translate, and use health information. Even when public leaders provide an adequate message about health problems, certain people may still not understand. As a result, the intended message gets distorted along the way.
Communication is vital for the provision of safe and quality healthcare. Public health leaders need communication to build working relationships and render services that meet individual and group needs. However, barriers, such as cultural differences, language problems, and low health literacy, continuously hurt the communication process. This has compelled the public health professionals get back on the drawing board to emphasize and appreciate the aspect of cultural competence and humility. According to Rodrigues, et al. (2015), they admit that the most challenges identified in communication campaigns are cultural diversity underpinnings together with different countries legislations and available communication infrastructure.
References
Orton, S.N., Menkens, A.J., & Santos, P. (2011). Public health business planning: A practical guide. Jones & Bartlett Learning.
Rodrigues, R., Schulmann, K., & Ilinca, S. (2015). Challenges to Public Health Communication Campaigns in Multinational Settings. European Journal of Public Health. Vol. 25(3), pp. 170-228.
http://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckv170.028 (Links to an external site.)
Rowitz, L. (2014). Public health leadership: Putting principles into practice. (3rd ed.). Jones & Bartlett Learning.
Classmate 2: Ruthza: Hi Professor and class,
As a healthcare setting leader, I have associated with different teams made up of different health workers and individuals. Through my working experience, I have experiences working with both a good team a lousy team, and I know how it feels to work with those teams. The healthcare organization is an organization, just like all other organizations, and here leadership is the one that determines the health of the patients because, through exemplary leadership, the nurses and other health care workers will feel the positive effects of the leadership. Their morale will be boosted, and they will be more determined (Rowitz, 2014). This will enable them to deliver high-quality medication, saving many people’s lives and easing the recovery process of the patient. (Rosengarten, 2021). While when the leadership is lacking, everything in the health center. It will be just messy and done casually because there is no guidance.
Working with a good team was amazing because everything was done in time and the way it is supposed to be done. Several factors made the team be good, and the first thing was that they were good listeners, and they keenly listened to anything that they were told to do or advised to do. In case of any issues, they always seek help or guidance.( Karlsen,et al,2021). This was excellent behavior; it even boosted my morale of always being very close to them and knowing them personally as their leader. We managed to create strong bonds, and we were very organized, and together, we were focused on achieving the same goals. Everyone played his role very well, and in the end, we managed to achieve our set goals very easily, and our patients were always happy due to the kind of medication and support they received from us (Rowitz, 2014).
Working with a bad team is the worst experience I have ever been through in my career as a nurse leader. Yes, it taught me something, but it was significantly worse. This was a team whereby both of us were leaders, though I was chosen to be the leader of leaders to ensure that the collaboration process is successful and we have come out with the decisions that were to help boost the nursing sector. This didn’t happen because of several factors; the first reason was that everyone was a leader, and he or she saw their decision as the best compared to others. This led to disagreements every time and even fights and insults among them. They had poor listening skills, and no one was ready to listen to each other and, most importantly, their team leader. This rudeness led to failing terribly and also creating enmity among some team members.
References,
Rosengarten, L. (2021). Teamwork in nursing: essential elements for practice. Nursing Management, 28(1).
Karlsen, T., Hall‐Lord, M. L., Wangensteen, S., & Ballangrud, R. (2021). Reliability and structural validity of the Norwegian version of the TeamSTEPPS Teamwork Attitudes Questionnaire: A cross‐sectional study among Bachelor of Nursing students. Nursing Open, 8(2), 664-674.
Rowitz, L. (2014). Public health leadership: Putting principles into practice. (3rd ed.). Jones & Bartlett Learning.

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Public Relations

This is a cover letter for applying to a job position after graduate, all the in

This is a cover letter for applying to a job position after graduate, all the instructions are in the file attached.

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Public Relations

I.

Your milestone submission should address the following:
I. Summary of Purpose: Outline the purpose and significance of the public health issue and identify the overall goals of the policy or program. Your summary should include but not be limited to the following:
A. Describe, in detail, the scope and nature of the public health issue using the five Ws of descriptive epidemiology, including the vulnerable or marginalized population or community, justifying with academic resources.
B. Identify the social determinants of health and epidemiological patterns or trends relevant to the issue and population, justifying with data from academic resources.
C. Summarize the benefits of the policy or program with regard to improving public health in the selected region and/or population and how it benefits the larger health system.
II. Needs and Capacity Assessment: Your needs assessment should include but not be limited to the following:
A. Create a needs and capacity matrix, identifying resources and assets the community already has, as well as additional resources that would be
needed to address the public health issue.
B. Summarize the needs and capacity matrix and justify the need for this policy or program with data-based academic resources.
i. Incorporate information needed to assess the context and requirements in one matrix template.

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Your writing strictly the introduction part of this research paper!

Characteristics of HBCU students after COVID
Comments:
Your writing strictly the introduction part of this research paper! (SEE ATTACHED FILES)
MUST USE SCHOLARLY JOURNALS or credible articles such as .org, etc and attach articles please

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Public Relations

Answer each question with 1 to 3 complete sentences Your responses should be 300

Answer each question with 1 to 3 complete sentences Your responses should be 300 to 500 words in total All writing must be appropriate for an academic context Follow academic writing conventions (correct grammar, spelling, punctuation, and formatting) Composition must be original and written for this assignment; plagiarism of any kind is strictly prohibited Use a readable 12-point font, double-spaced with 1-inch margins Submit a single file only, including the answers to all questions Acceptable file formats include .doc and .docx. Template and Rubric along with instructions attached.