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Discuss the depiction of Risorgimento in 19th and 20th century Italian culture as presented by Verdi/Solera’s Nabucco (1841) or Lampedusa’s The Leopard (1958) and/or Visconti’s The Leopard (1963), focusing on ONE of the following: fictional or historical characters, specific historical events, social classes, gender, generations, fashion.
1.Since a paper requires a good topic, the above suggestions are intended only to inspire the students; when a student begins to write, s/he will want to focus the paper further on one specific topic.
2.Choose an effective title: it should predict the content and catch the reader interest. Here are some examples but you are free to discuss the prompt above through other topics:
The emergence of the national question and Verdi’s Nabucco
How is history represented in Lampedusa’s The Leopard and in Visconti’s film?
What does the sentence “If we want things to stay as they are, things will have to change” mean? How is the Italian trasformismo depicted in the novel and the film? Is there a relationship between trasformismo and fashion?
Tancredi as the symbol of the Risorgimento in Lampedusa’s The Leopard
The Prince is very complex and multifaceted character in the Leopard (novel and film). Why the Prince represents the old aristocracy? How his actions and thoughts symbolize the change?
The role of Leopard’s side characters (Angelica, Don Calogero, Father Pirrone, Concetta etc.) in the depiction of the Risorgimento
The conflict between generations and social classes in the Leopard (novel and film)
Solera, T. Nabucco Libretto. https://www.loc.gov/resource/musschatz.21582.0/?sp=9 (or any edition in English)
Tomasi di Lampedusa, G. The Leopard. New York: RTP, 1966.
Visconti, L. Leopard (1963).
Verdi-Solera. Nabucco. Arena di Verona (Conductor M. Arena 1981, English Subtitles) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VwVtPlIO5L8&t=127s
Secondary References historical and critical texts()
Duggan, C. “The Geographical Determinants of Disunity.” A Concise History of Italy. Cambridge University Press, 1994.
Duggan, C. “The Emergence of National Question.” A Concise History of Italy. Cambridge University Press, 1994.
Duggan, C. “Italy United.”A Concise History of Italy. Cambridge University Press, 1994.
Millicent, M. “Visconti’s Leopard.” Filmmaking By the Book. Baltimore & London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1993.
Power Points 2-3-4-5-6-7 – you can use them but they don’t count as references
Paper 1 must be of 3 pages (900/1000 words) on one of the topics above. Papers should be 3 pages in length excluding the Work Cited page.
The paper must be typed, double-spaced (1 inch margins, 12-point type/normal-sized font). WORD FORMAT!
Please do not waste paper with a cover page. Simply start the paper with your name and last name (only) and the title.
Use at least 2 primary references (opera, novel or film) and 2 secondary references (Readings or other critical essays).
References must be cited: if you cite from The Leopard then please put page references in parentheses within the text. Ex: Lampedusa describes the Prince “…” (135).
You must identify each quotation —be it an internet site, an encyclopedia entry, a dictionary, a reference manual, etc.— within the text and by mentioning it in the Works Cited at the end of the paper.
Ex: As Duggan mentions: “xxx” (134)
Works Cited: Duggan, C. “Italy United.”A Concise History of Italy. Cambridge University Press, 1994.
Here are some useful links
MLA guiding and formatting: https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/01/
Argumentative essay: https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/685/05/
Effective Persuasion: https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/696/1/
Response Papers will be graded according to the following rubric:
form: organization of thoughts, clarity of expression, spelling, grammar, punctuation, stylistics.
content: logic, clearly stated and developed thesis/position in the introductory lines of the essay, clear progression of thought/argument, persuasiveness of argument, originality of thought.
literary analysis: critical reading of textual examples (versus general “listing” of quotes), analytical insight, originality of reading.
conclusion (“the bigger picture”): in the final lines of your essay, clearly state how your thesis/position, supported by your textual examples, elucidates an aspect of Italian theatre culture (political, socio-historical, etc.).